Interesting statistics on hair loss in India and ways of treatment
1 August, 2020
Dealing with the problem
Hair is one of the symbolic points in any individual’s personality. It is the first thing that comes into the purview when the looks are judged and creates an outlook on the professional and personal fronts. Thus, irrespective of gender, the problem of hair loss is sure to create a domino effect of tensions.
Hair loss can create a toll on mental health and prove out to be disadvantageous for the people who experience it in the early stages of life. Irrespective of the location, there can be various genetic, systemic, and environmental reasons causing this problem and thus, the effective root cause analysis is important before going for the best hair treatment.
Understanding the hair anatomy
The following are some of the important points related to the hair anatomy that needs to be considered before moving forward with any analysis or treatment:
- Hair is composed of protein cells called Keratin and is thus not considered a living entity. It is made up of two parts- the long shaft and the thick root that forms the follicle.
- The hair follicle is made up of living cells that help in the growth and propagation. There are about 100,000-150,000 hair strands on the scalp, with a growth rate of 0.5 inches per month.
- Human hair is also found in other parts of the body, except for the lips, palms, and sole of the feet.
- The hair development takes place in three stages- lanugo hair in the fetal stage, downy hair in early childhood, and then finally the mature hair in puberty and the age beyond that.
The common causes
The following are the common causes of hair loss in both men and women:
- Stress- The primary cause for the various diseases related to hair loss, like Telogen effluvium (resting phase of the hair follicles and the existing ones falling with simple wash) and Trichotillomania (a psychological disorder where the people pull out their hair strands in events of tension).
- Autoimmune diseases- When the immune system starts attacking the own cells to cause alopecia artata i.e. appearance of small patches of hair loss on the head, beard, and other parts and then grow up with the time. It also brings emotional trauma to the people suffering from this loss.
- Environmental loss- Pollution, dust, poor water quality, etc. are included under this group.
- Personal factors- Lack of personal care of the hair can also lead to hair loss. For this, some basic precautions can be taken from time to time, like hair packs and masks to nourish the roots regularly and regular brushing to improve the blood circulation to the roots
- Miscellaneous factors- These include the ones that are not that common amongst the population but still contribute to the problem. It includes fungal infection by ringworms, cancer, and the associated chemotherapy, lack of proper diet to name a few.
The causes in females
The following are the specific causes of hair loss in females:
- Hormonal imbalance- Cases where the levels of dihydrotestosterone increase in the females, causing weakness in the hair roots and leading to premature fall
- Polycystic Ovary Syndrome- Development of small fluid-filled sacs in the ovary that attack the hair roots and often do not respond well to the hair treatment
- Pregnancy complications- Caused in the initial surge of hormones in the pregnancy and is often reversed by proper care
The causes in males
The following are the specific causes of hair loss in males:
- Genetic causes- Caused when the father or mother has hair fall issues and gets passed down with the genes into the child
- M pattern loss- Occurs where the hair loss has occurred in the patches, with only the back and sides remaining
The following are some of the important statistics that show the hair fall problem of India only:
- Almost eighty-five percent of the adult male population would suffer from pattern baldness.
- The age of onset of this pattern baldness has come down to 21 years and the research has shown combined effects of genetics and external factors for this.
- 40% of the population of India suffering this loss includes women and the primary cause is hormonal imbalance.
- 3-4% of children suffer from fungal infections that contribute to hair loss.
- Almost 1 in 7 men suffer from baldness due to a gene and this can proliferate to prostate and heart problems in the future.
All of these factors are making India as the next hotspot for hair treatment centers.
The following are some of the popular hair treatment options in India currently:
- Follicle Unit Extraction, i.e. harvesting of donor grafts from the areas of hair surplus
- Follicle Unit Transplant, i.e. transfer of the grafts to the affected region with lesser scarring
Therefore, the bottom line is that hair fall problems should not be taken lightly and the affected ones must take medical help at the very early stages to control the loss and mitigate it on time.